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Interpretation of Double-Peak Endotherm on DSC Heating Curves of Bitumen

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dc.contributor.author Frolov I.N.
dc.contributor.author Okhotnikova E.S.
dc.contributor.author Ziganshin M.A.
dc.contributor.author Firsin A.A.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-25T20:35:24Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-25T20:35:24Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.issn 0887-0624
dc.identifier.uri https://dspace.kpfu.ru/xmlui/handle/net/161894
dc.description.abstract © 2020 American Chemical Society. Since the late 1960s, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) has been used to characterize petroleum bitumen, in particular, for the determination of the crystallized fraction (CF) content. This procedure is based on the construction of a baseline after identifying the CF dissolution endotherm on the heating curve. However, many bitumens commonly exhibit double-peak endotherms during a DSC heating scan. In this case, the task of constructing the corresponding baseline does not have a unique solution because the interpretation of the heat flow profile is ambiguous. Several interpretations have been proposed earlier to explain the origins of the double-peak endotherm. However, the double-peak endotherm is currently still not fully understood, and a comprehensive consensus has not been achieved. If the determination of the baseline location is incorrect, the CF content can be over- or underestimated by 20-30%. In the current work, double-peak endotherm behavior was investigated by temperature modulation DSC. All of the earlier explanations were critically considered. The origin of the double-peak endotherm was discussed in detail, and a probable descriptive model for the formation of the double-peak endotherm was suggested. The endotherm pattern is assumed to be governed by three overlapping thermal events: a broad endothermic background and a twin "recrystallization exotherm-dissolution endotherm" pair. The onset of the recrystallization exotherm and the intensity of both events depend on the annealing temperature and time. The study promotes a better understanding of the relationship between the thermal effects on the DSC curves and the structural changes of bitumen. A correct interpretation of the double-peak endotherm can provide a more exact determination of the CF content in bitumen.
dc.relation.ispartofseries Energy and Fuels
dc.title Interpretation of Double-Peak Endotherm on DSC Heating Curves of Bitumen
dc.type Article
dc.collection Публикации сотрудников КФУ
dc.source.id SCOPUS08870624-2020-SID85080102638

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  • Публикации сотрудников КФУ Scopus [24551]
    Коллекция содержит публикации сотрудников Казанского федерального (до 2010 года Казанского государственного) университета, проиндексированные в БД Scopus, начиная с 1970г.

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