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Fatal severe community-acquired pneumonia: Risk factors, clinical characteristics and medical errors of hospital patients

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dc.contributor.author Postnikova L.B.
dc.contributor.author Klimkin P.F.
dc.contributor.author Boldina M.V.
dc.contributor.author Gudim A.L.
dc.contributor.author Kubysheva N.I.
dc.date.accessioned 2021-02-25T20:33:14Z
dc.date.available 2021-02-25T20:33:14Z
dc.date.issued 2020
dc.identifier.issn 0040-3660
dc.identifier.uri https://dspace.kpfu.ru/xmlui/handle/net/161694
dc.description.abstract © 2020 Consilium Medikum. All rights reserved. Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) is the most common disease and potentially life-threatening infection in the worldwide. In the Nizhny Novgorod region, no analysis of the causes of mortality and medical errors of severe CAP patients. Aim. To analyze the patients structure who died severe CAP in hospitals of the Nizhny Novgorod region, to identify the leading risk factors, to assess the clinical characteristics of fatal severe CAP and medical errors according to medical records of patients from 2015-2016. Materials and methods. This was a retrospective study of medical records of 139 patients with fatal severe CAP from medical organizations of the Nizhny Novgorod region. The 72 patients died in 2015. The mortality rate from pneumonia was 67 cases in 2016. Results. The key predictors of the fatal severe CAP in patients of the Nizhny Novgorod region identified: socio-demographic status (men of working age, unemployed, smoking, alcohol and drug dependence), late treatment and hospitalization, tachypnea, hypotension, tachycardia, confusion, leukocytosis or leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, anemia, hyperglycemia, bilateral lung damage, pleural effusion, acute respiratory failure. The leading medical errors in fatal CAP were incorrect assessment of the severity of the patient's condition, untimely CAP, non-monitoring of SpO2 on the first day of hospitalization, late transfer of patients to the intensive care unit, there was no influenza therapy, inadequate starting antibacterial therapy. Conclusion. The main ways to avoid or minimize medical errors and reduce the mortality of patients with TVP is strict adherence to clinical recommendations, active preventive measures, diagnosis and treatment of chronic diseases.
dc.relation.ispartofseries Terapevticheskii Arkhiv
dc.subject Fatal outcomes
dc.subject Medical errors
dc.subject Risk factors
dc.subject Severe community-acquired pneumonia
dc.title Fatal severe community-acquired pneumonia: Risk factors, clinical characteristics and medical errors of hospital patients
dc.type Article
dc.relation.ispartofseries-issue 3
dc.relation.ispartofseries-volume 92
dc.collection Публикации сотрудников КФУ
dc.relation.startpage 42
dc.source.id SCOPUS00403660-2020-92-3-SID85085062694

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  • Публикации сотрудников КФУ Scopus [24551]
    Коллекция содержит публикации сотрудников Казанского федерального (до 2010 года Казанского государственного) университета, проиндексированные в БД Scopus, начиная с 1970г.

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